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AARC Post Test
1. What percentage of neonates born preterm are due to multiple pregnancy?
2. Repeated exposure to pain and stress triggers a neuroendocrine system response and a rise in which stress hormone which suppresses inflammatory and immune responses?
3. A 23-week neonate has developed pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE). An optimal ventilation mode might include which type of ventilator?
Conventional mechanical ventilation
High frequency jet
High frequency oscillator
4. Empiric antibiotic administration for the ELBW neonate should be limited to how many hours if blood cultures remain negative?
5. The primary cause of transepidermal water loss in the ELBW neonate is the skin’s:
exposure to humidity
immature barrier function
smaller body surface area
6. In the ELBW neonate, an effective strategy to maintain Functional Residual Capacity (FRC) is the administration of:
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
Positive Pressure Ventilation (PPV)
7. Which is the most common type of ventilator induced trauma in the ELBW neonate?
8. One of the most common nephrotoxic drug classes received by the preterm neonate is:
9. A key component and characteristic of high-performing teams include a:
completion of a single team-based training course
interdisciplinary team with the same professional training
shared vision or mental model of care
10. Use of polyethylene wrap in the delivery room helps decrease the incidence of which mechanism of heat loss?
11. One of the most common diagnoses widely experienced by the extremely low birth weight neonate is:
Apnea of Prematurity
Early Onset Sepsis
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
12. A recommended delivery room practice for the ELBW neonate to improve hemodynamic stability is:
delayed cord clamping
fluid resuscitation with 10 ml/kg
immediate umbilical line insertion
13. What mode of ventilation potentially reduces large tidal volumes and time on mechanical ventilation in the ELBW neonate?
14. Which is one of the most significant risk factors for the development of ROP in the preterm neonate?
15. A common finding on the chest x-ray of an ELBW neonate with a hemodynamically significant PDA is:
16. A symptom of possible sepsis more common in the ELBW neonate compared to the term neonate is:
17. What is recommended initial respiratory support for the ELBW neonate in the delivery room?
application of CPAP in ELBW neonates with spontaneous respiratory effort
immediate intubation and administration of surfactant to all ELBW neonates
PPV followed by intubation, surfactant, and extubation in all ELBW neonates
18. One of the most impactful care practices to reduce the risk of Retinopathy of Prematurity is:
Daily review and discussion of oxygen saturation histograms
Ensuring adequate weight gain
Treating the PDA in the first week of life
19. Ideally, it is recommended that enteral feedings begin within the first how many hours of life?
20. Maternal antenatal steroid administration is recommended to reduce which of the following neonatal morbidities?
Apnea of Prematurity
Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Once you click submit, you will receive your post-test score and be able to progress to the final evaluation.
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